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Humans are becoming exponentially immersed in a new information-based reality, pouring out of supercomputers, digital instruments, and stored databases.... All that comes out of the computer is an endless stream of numbers....We have to invent ideas for how to represent the numbers as visual paradigms and then turn those ideas into algorithms and programs....Visual output is the only sensible way for scientists to couple to this numerical reality [and to communicate] the results of scientific research to our colleagues in other fields and to the public at large...The power of visualization for this purpose lies in the fact that the image is a much more universal language than the underlying mathematics in which the science is couched. Larry Smarr / Visualization of Natural Phenomena, 1993


michael friendly's page
edward tufte's page


robert spence. information visualization: design for interaction.2007
chaomei chen. information visualization: beyond the horizon. 2006
anthony unwin et al. graphics of large datasets: visualizing a million. 2006
leland wilkinson. the grammar of graphics. 2005
sigmar tergan, tanja keller. knowledge and information visualization: searching for the synergies. 2005
colin ware. information visualization: perception for design. 2004
benjanin bederson, ben shneiderman, eds. the craft of information visualization: readings and reflections. 2003
usama fayyad et al eds. information visualization in data mining and knowledge discovery. 2001
michael friendly. visualizing categorical data. 2000


information visualization
j computational and graphical statistics
j visual languages and computing
ieee tr visualization and computer graphics


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